Gibraltar nickname is the Rock. This small country has only 6.5 square kilometers and a significant part of it is a rocky massif, which makes the real fortress of Gibraltar from which you can see and observe the Gibraltar Canal. After the war of 1713  Gibraltar became a British colony. Since then it has been a tax heaven and it is not surprising that there are more registered businesses than the population itself. It is interesting to know that the only European colony of monkeys can be found right inhere and the locals really spoil the monkeys due to the legend saying that Gibraltar will be British till the monkeys live there.

Our trip round Gibraltar began in the border town La Linea de la Concepcion. We found a parking lot in the price of 5 euros / day. To the border with Gibraltar it was only a few meters.



Immediately after the passport control we were addressed by some local agent who tried to persuade us to go on a journey round the main attractions of Gibraltar for the price 100 Euros. He explained to us that his offer was more economical than to go on our own. According to him the lift is 13 Euros / person, we wouldl have to pay some additional 14 euros / person to enter the wildlife area and the visits of the major attractions. We could have some problems with the hot weather in the mountain and for sure we'd miss some of the important attractions. Finally, he persuated us and we were happy to do so. Our minibus driver organized for us a beautiful-2hour-long sightseeing tours. He told us many interesting facts about the history and contemporary life of this British colony. At each main stopover we had about 15-20 minutes to look round.



The first stop was on the west side of the peninsula, where we had a beautiful view of Africa just 14 km away.



The mountains of Gibraltar are inhabited by the macaque monkeys. Those were brought by the Arabs who later started hunting them. However, the Arabs were replaced by the Spaniards, those by the Englishmen who finally began liking them.



First macaque jumped on our car at the first stop and together with others accompanied us over the whole mountain ride.



The female of macaque has only one baby and her pregnancy lasts six months. The cubs were very cute and the smallest were stuck to the breast of their mother. They did not mind  her walking with them, jumping on trees or cars. They simply enjoyed their "snack" and ignored anything else.





The next stop was at St. Michael's Cave. It is a natural cave with lots of stalactites and stalagmites. The largest cave area, which is used as an auditorium, was full of plastic seats. Regularly there are concerts taking the advantage of the excellent acoustics of this space. Duing the WWII there was a military hospital. The inhabitants of the colony were taken to save places during the war and Gibraltar was converted into a fortress and a military base. It     served the Englishmen for the operations in the near Africa.



After that we reached the top of the mountain and there were a lot of macaques. They willingly posed for us and it was possible to go very close to them. If we had had more time, it could have been an excellent opportunity for taking many magnificant pictures there.









The visit of tunnels followed. The Rock is packed with them and several were dug in hand in the past times. They make the fortress of Gibraltar unbeatable. From that point it was easy to shoot at all the ships in the canal, the African continent, Spain which was right below us. In the tunnels you could learn much about the exposed  guns, cannons, figure soldiers and read much about the wartime of Gibraltar from the boards.





Our guide was very proud of his coming from Gibraltar. Spaniards are accoding to him Mickey Mouses with poor living standard. 7,000 of them daily commute to Gibraltar to work. The banks, port and tourism create big sourse of wealth for the colony.  Unemployment is  about 1% only and everyone who wants work  can. Children are  usually sent to study to England and bring back home all what they had acquired overseas. Laws are said to be very strict andthere is almost no crime. In the last referendum, only 44 of the 30,000 residents were in favor of connecting to  Spain.



The Spanish must be  nervous because of the military fighter jets which are non stop  landing down  and taking off, or the modern guns directed towards Spanish coast. It might have been one of the reasons why  they closed the border with Gibraltar for 16 years some years ago. The people living there at that time were supplied from England mainly. I asked what they did with their cars in Gibraltar because there were only about 6km of roads within the town. They drove the cars not to be bored, the same as the paternoster lift. If someone had a wife from Spain, for example, they had to get on a ferry  to Maroco first, and then, from there to take another ferry  to Spain to be able to meet with the relatives. It was very expensive.





The way took us down around the Moorish fortress and the guide dropped us in the center. We visited the Trafalgar cemetery where many English soldiers who died in the battle of Trafalgar 120 km far away were buried. In the fight of England against the  Napoleonic Spanish-French fleet  Admiral Nelson was killed andit is said that his body was loaded into the barrel with alcohol and so brought to England. He was buried in St. Paul Cathedral. The England's victory at Trafalgar in the last great battle of sails is one of the most significant events that Britain remembers. In London the victory is celebrated in Trafalgar Square with the statue of Nelson looking towards Gibraltar and guarded by four lions. These were supposedly cast from the cannons of the captured enemy fleet.



We also visited a local botanical garden.



 No doubt we were in Britain...







Walking down the long Main Street full of souvenir shops, we got back to the border with Spain.



It is interesting that before reaching the customs, trucks and all pedestrians have to  give priority to aircrafts because the runway crosses the road. And so, we waited some 15 minutes until one passenger plane landed down.



The plane landed, the traffic could continue:



It's a pity that we didn´t see any jet fighters landing down, which we could see and hear overheads.



The last glance back at the Rock of Gibraltar and several local postcards and maps for illustration.
















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